An Integrated System for Regional Environmental Monitoring and Management Based on Internet of Things

SKU: 010616


Climate change and environmental monitoring and management have received much attention recently, and an integ- rated information system (IIS) is considered highly valuable. This paper introduces a novel IIS that combines Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud Computing, Geoinformatics [remote sensing (RS), geograph- ical information system (GIS), and global positioning system (GPS)], and e-Science for environmental monitoring and manage- ment, with a case study on regional climate change and its ecological effects. Multi-sensors and web services were used to collect data and other information for the perception layer; both public net- works and private networks were used to access and transport mass data and other information in the network layer. The key technolo- gies and tools include real-time operational database (RODB); extraction – transformation – loading (ETL); on-line analytical processing (OLAP) and relational OLAP (ROLAP); naming, ad- dressing, and pro fi le server (NAPS); application gateway (AG); application software for different platforms and tasks (APPs); IoT application infrastructure (IoT-AI); GIS and e-Science platforms; and representational state transfer/Java database connectivity (RESTful/JDBC). Application Program Interfaces (APIs) were implemented in the middleware layer of the IIS. The application layer provides the functions of storing, organizing, processing, and sharing of data and other information, as well as the functions of applications in environmental monitoring and management. The results from the case study show that there is a visible increasing trend of the air temperature in Xinjiang over the last 50 years
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