Smart Card and GPS based automatic bus ticketing system for traveled distance.
The project aims in designing a system which automatically measures the distance travelled by a passenger in bus and debits the fare for travelled distance from the passenger account. This method of ticket fare collection is most innovative way till now. This project makes use of the most secure Smart Card that will be used as prepaid travel card that stores the amount within its internal memory. This facilitates user to board any bus within the region. The system present in bus is made of Microcontroller, SMART Card reader, Keypad, LCD display and GPS receiver. Here we are making use of GPS receiver for location and travelled distance calculation. This helps in calculating the actual travelled distance and avoids the dependency on vehicle’s inbuilt distance meter. The controlling device of the whole system is a Microcontroller. GPS receiver, keypad, smart card reader, LCD display are interfaced to the controller. When a person boards a bus, he needs to swipe the smart card to the smart card reader present at the entrance and password should be entered by keypad. The location coordinates at that instant given by GPS receiver will be stored against his smart card number in the microcontroller and when he exits the bus, he need one more swipe of smartcard which gets the location coordinates of exit point and the microcontroller calculates the distance travelled and fare and displays them on the LCD screen. Also, the amount will be deducted from the passenger account. The Microcontroller is programmed using Embedded C language which provides effective environment for performing the task.