Using Smart-Phones and Floor Plans for Indoor Location Tracking
We implement pedestrian dead reckoning (PDR) for indoor localization. With a waist-mounted PDR based system on a smart-phone, we estimate the user’s step length that utilizes the height change of the waist based on the Pythagorean Theorem. We propose a zero velocity update (ZUPT) method to address sen- sor drift error: Simple harmonic motion and a low-pass filtering mechanism combined with the analysis of gait characteristics. This method does not require training to develop the step length model. Exploiting the geometric similarity between the user trajectory and the floor map, our map matching algorithm includes three different filters to calibrate the direction errors from the gyro using build- ing floor plans. A sliding-window-based algorithm detects corners. The system achieved 98% accuracy in estimating user walking dis- tance with a waist-mounted phone and 97% accuracy when the phone is in the user’s pocket. ZUPT improves sensor drift error (the accuracy drops from 98% to 84% without ZUPT) using 8 Hz as the cut-off frequency to filter out sensor noise. Corner length impacted the corner detection algorithm. In our experiments, the overall location error is about 0.48 meter.