Zero-Voltage-Transition Full-Bridge Topologies for Transformer less Photovoltaic Grid-Connected Inverter
Low leakage current and high efficiency are two key indexes for the transformerless photovoltaic (PV) grid-connected inverter. The transformerless inverter topologies have superior efficiency owing to saving the transformer, but their switches are still on a hard-switching state at present. This paper presents a novel zero-voltage transition (ZVT) concept for the full-bridge transformerless PV grid-connected inverter topologies. The zero-voltage turn-on and turnoff of the high-frequency main switches and the zero-current turn-on of the auxiliary switches, as well as the zero-voltage turn-on and turnoff of the antiparallel diodes of the line-frequency switches, are realized by introducing two resonant tanks. Take ZVT-H6-I for example. The operation principle, soft-switching conditions, duty cycle restriction, and parameter design rule of the resonant tank are analyzed in detail. Finally, the validity of the ZVT concept is verified by a ZVT-H6-I prototype rated at 100 kHz and 1 kW.